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Title: Методологічні засади розвитку морально-психологічних якостей поліцейського
Other Titles: Methodological principles of development of moral and psychological qualities of a policeman
Authors: Матієнко, Тетяна Василівна
Matiienko, Tetiana Vasylivna
Keywords: морально-психологічні якості, тренінгові технології, толерантність, інтолерантність.
морально-психологические качества, тренинговые технологии, толерантность, интолерантность.
moral and psychological qualities, training technologies, tolerance, intolerance.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Одеса: ОДУВС
Citation: Матієнко Т.В. Методологічні засади розвитку морально-психологічних якостей поліцейського / Т.В. Матієнко // Південноукраїнський правничий часопис. – 2018. - № 1. – С. 98 - 101.
Abstract: Професійна діяльність висуває людині певні вимоги і накладає своєрідний відбиток на його особистість і весь спосіб життя. Служба в органах Національної поліції супро-воджується екстремальними навантаженнями, діяльність відбувається в напружених, складних умовах, пов’язаних із застосуванням зброї, фізичної сили, спеціальних засобів. Від сумлінності та професійної майстерності особового складу залежать не тільки результати службової діяльності, але також життя і здоров’я працівників. Профессиональная деятельность предъявляет человеку определенные требования и накладывает отпечаток на его личность и на весь образ жизни. Служба в органах Национальной полиции сопровождается экстремальными нагрузками, деятельность проходит в напряженных, сложных условиях, связанных с применением оружия, физической силы, специальных средств. От добросовестности и профессионального мастерства личного состава зависит не только результаты деятельности, но и жизнь, и здоровье сотрудников полиции. Modern living conditions require an appropriate review of the role, tasks and place of many government agencies. First of all, it concerns the bodies of the National Police as a guarantor of law and order and stability in society. Regulatory basis of the activity of this body was being formed during the whole period of the formation of Ukraine as an independent state. Changes in public life have made many adjustments to the activities of the police, first of all in expanding their competence, improving forms and methods of activity. Some of these changes are standardized, but taking into account the current pace of public life development, even more of them require a corresponding standardization. Today it is very actual to study the provision of constitutional rights and freedoms of the citizen by the police, since exactly they are entrusted with the function of protecting and ensuring the realization of human rights and freedoms, and in case of violation of these rights, they have the duty to take the necessary measures for their restoration. It is well known that the professional activity of a police-man, whose object is a person, forms a complex system of interconnected, interdependent moral relations. The moral and psychological qualities reflect the professional obligations and ethical norms of behavior of the law enforcement officer. It goes about proper and necessary treatment from the point of view of professional ethics, specific norms of morality, humane attitude towards another person. The moral basis of the employee's behavior is such qualities as: a sense of professional duty, professional honor, justice, principledness, honesty, decency, compassion and empathy; courage, setting on observance of legality and official discipline; feeling of a partnership; humanity, etc. The moral and psychological qualities of law enforcement officers are manifested in views, beliefs, feelings, behavior, relationships, attitudes towards other people. The leading moral and business qualities include: humanistic orientation, responsibility, kindness, politeness, tact, correctness, decency, honesty, justice, unity of speech and deeds, civic courage, determination, self-control, willingness to help, ability to remain objective. Moral and psychological qualities are based on a stable, above all, moral motive or a certain set of stable motives, each of which has two sides: meaningful and dynamic. The meaningful side expresses the semantic essence of the motive, its content and position in the hierarchical structure of the motivational system of the law enforcement officer. The dynamic side reflects the degree of significance of this motive or set of motives for the officer of the Internal Affairs Bodies through the appropriate level of strength, the potential of his emotional expression and influence on his behavior. The meaningful and dynamic aspects in their interaction form the energy-psychological potential of this induction, which is transformed into an appropriate instruction with the same potential. Moral-psychological as a holistic phenomenon has a cognitive-reflective, normative-assessment, regulatory, ideological-motivational, communicative, orienting, mobilizing, forming, predictive functions. K. Rogers, as a representative of the humanistic theory, considered the centerpiece of the person to be self-esteem, the idea of a person about himself ("I-concept"), which is generated in interaction with other people. The ability to have flexible self-esteem, the ability under the pressure of experience to overestimate the system of values that arose before, is, in his opinion, an important condition for the integrity of the individual and his/her mental health in different life situations. As you know, the basis of self-esteem, in the first place, are the moral principles and criteria. It is also worth paying attention to the fact that the key element of the I-concept of an adult is responsibility. In his professional activity, the police officer is constantly in a situation where it is necessary to control both his actions and actions of the citizens with whom he directly works. Therefore, the formation of responsibility is an important component of the moral and psychological training of police officers, which greatly increases the success of their professional activities. After all, the responsibility of the subject is a conscious performance of all the standards and requirements proposed him by the society.
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